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TDS On Salary – Section 192

Understand everything related to TDS on salary in detail.

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TDS refers to tax deducted at source of income itself. In the case of TDS on salary, it relates to the tax deduction made by an employer on your salaried income. TDS on salary helps the government in collecting income tax accruing from an individual’s salary at the source.

Herein, we would be discussing the TDS deducted on salary along with other aspects.

What Is The TDS Rate On Salary?

The TDS rate on salary depends on the income you receive from your employer, based on which you fall into different tax slab rates. According to the tax slab, the rate for your TDS deduction on salary will range from 10% to 30%. 

TDS on salary Max Life Insurance

Understanding TDS On Salary with Example

The employer deducts TDS on salary at the employee’s ‘average rate’ of income tax. It will be computed as follows:

Average Income tax rate = Income tax payable (calculated through slab rates) divided by employee’s estimated income for the financial year.

For example, if Mr Sharma (ageing 58 years of age) receives a salary of Rs. 1,00,000 per month during the FY 2019-20.

We can compute His TDS on salary for FY 2019- 20 under section 192 per month as follows:

Total income

Rs.12,00,000

Estimated deduction (under Chapter VI A)

Rs.1,00,000

Income chargeable to tax

Rs.11,00,000

As per section 192, his TDS on salary as per the current slab rate will be Rs.1,42,500.

After adding 4% education and higher education cess (i.e. Rs.5,700), the net tax payable becomes Rs.1,48,200.

Average rate of TDS on salary will equal Rs.1,48,200/12,00,000*100. In other words, Mr Sharma’s rate of TDS on salary will be 12.35%

TDS on salary under Section 192 to be deducted each month will be (Rs 1,00,000 x 12.35%), or Rs. 12,350.

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How to Calculate TDS On Salary?

The calculation for TDS on salary is done by reducing the amount of exemption from the total annual salaried income of the employee. The Income Tax Department specifies the exemption limit. At the time of calculating TDS on salary; the employer needs to obtain proof and declaration from the employee before approving the exemption amount.

The following allowances are considered for tax exemption:

1. House Rent Allowance

An employee can claim House Rent Allowance (HRA) from the employer if he/she is paying rent towards accommodation.

2. Standard Deduction

Standard Deduction Instead of conveyance and medical allowance government has provided blanket deduction of Rs 50,000/-.

3. Children Education Allowance

Children Education Allowance is allowed Rs.100 per month per child upto 2 child.

4. Leave Travel Allowance

Leave Travel Allowance (LTA) is a type of allowance provided by the employer/organisation to the employees. Using LTA, employees can travel on leave from work and cover his travel expenses and claim the same from the organisation. For this LTA should be a component of your salary. Also, as per Section 10 (5) of the Income Tax Act, 1961, the LTA received by the employee is not included in the net taxable income of the employee. Leave Travel allowance can only be claimed on either actual travel cost or component amount in your salary breakup, whichever is less. But, employees can avail LTA for 2 journeys in a block of 4 years.

TDS on salary Max Life Insurance

4. Leave Travel Allowance 

Leave Travel Allowance (LTA) is a type of allowance provided by the employer/organisation to the employees. Using LTA, employees can travel on leave from work and cover his travel expenses and claim the same from the organisation. For this LTA should be a component of your salary. Also, as per Section 10 (5) of the Income Tax Act, 1961, the LTA received by the employee is not included in the net taxable income of the employee. Leave Travel allowance can only be claimed on either actual travel cost or component amount in your salary breakup, whichever is less. But, employees can avail LTA for 2 journeys in a block of 4 years.

TDS on salary Max Life Insurance

Who Is Liable to Deduct TDS On Salary?

The employer is liable to deduct TDS on salary at the time of making the payment to the employee. The TDS deduction on salary can only be made at the time when actual payment is made. Also, it will be deducted when the employee’s salaried income is taxable. However, if the pay is equal to or less than Rs.2,50,000, then TDS on salary will not be deducted.

According to Section 192, there must be a relationship of employer-employee for making the TDS deduction on salary. Also, the following employers are liable to make TDS on salary deduction:

1. Individuals

2. Companies (Private or Public)

3. HUF (Hindu Undivided Family)

4. Trusts

5. Partnership firms

6. Co-operative societies

However, the employer’s status, such as company, HUF, or trust is irrelevant for TDS on salary deduction. Also, while making TDS on salary calculation, the number of employees employed by the employer has no bearing. You can check the TDS deducted on salary by downloading your salary slip.

Tds on salary

Tds on salary

Is TDS Deducted Every Month from Salary?

Yes, TDS on salary is deducted every month. As per Section 192, the employer will deduct TDS on salary at the time of making the payment to the employee. Since the employee gets a salary every month, the employer will make a deduction for TDS on salary every month. In case, the employer fails to deduct the same, he will be liable to pay the penalty and interest.

Is TDS Deduction On Salary Mandatory?

Yes, the deduction for TDS on salary is mandatory under Section 192 of the Income Tax Act. Every employer who pays a salaried income to his employees needs to deduct TDS on salary if the income amount is over the basic exemption limit.

How to Claim Your TDS On Salary?

There is no form or specific process to claim TDS refunds. The deductee needs to file the income tax returns usually only. However, if there is any excess of TDS on salary charged, what the employee is supposed to pay in the given year, then the refund amount will be due and will need to be shown in the returns filed.

How Can I Be Exempt from TDS Payment?

An employee can only be exempt from deduction of TDS on salary in case his/her estimated salary falls below the basic exemption limit. Otherwise, TDS on salary is a mandatory deduction for every employer. This rule shall also apply to employees who do not have a PAN.

Is TDS On Salary Refundable?

TDS on salary is refundable when the amount deducted is higher than what the employee’s actual tax liability is. Many times, the investment details declared at the start of the financial year do not seem to match with the actual investments made at the year-end. In case of such a mismatch, TDS on salary will be refundable w.r.t excess paid.

TDS on salary Max Life Insurance

Is TDS On Salary Refundable?

TDS on salary is refundable when the amount deducted is higher than what the employee’s actual tax liability is. Many times, the investment details declared at the start of the financial year do not seem to match with the actual investments made at the year-end. In case of such a mismatch, TDS on salary will be refundable w.r.t excess paid.

TDS on salary Max Life Insurance

How to Claim Revised TDS Return?

Upon filing the TDS return, if you identify any error, such as PAN not provided or incorrect challan details, the Form16/ Form 16A/ Form 26AS will not show the correct tax amount credited with the government. To ensure that the exact tax amount is credited and reflected in all the Forms, a revised TDS return needs to be filed.

Here are the different types of revisions that you can make to submit an error-free TDS return:

Type of Correction

Particulars that can be Corrected

C1

Details of the deductor (employer) like their name and address

C2

Challan details such as challan amount, serial number, BSR code, and tender date

C3

Details of the Deductee (Employee)

C4

Salary Details erstwhile mentioned

C5

PAN number of deductee (Employee)

C9

Insert new challan and underlying deductee


The deductor (employer in case of TDS on salary) will pay the charge again for revised return. Revised Return can be filed several times for incorporating any changes.

What Are TDS Deduction Rules 2020?

Due to Coronavirus and its impact, certain changes in rules applying to calculation and deduction of TDS on salary have been introduced this year. They are as follows:

1. TDS deduction for non-salaried individuals has been reduced by 25% for FY 2019-20. However, the TDS deduction for non-salaried individuals has not changed.

2. The due date for filing all income-tax returns for FY 2019-20 will get extended to 30th November 2020 from the earlier 31st July 2020 & 30th September 2020.

3. The due date for audit will extend from 30th September 2020 to 31st October 2020 this year.

What Happens If TDS Is Not Deposited?

1) By Government

In case the TDS on salary is not deposited to the IT department of the Government, then the employee’s TDS would not be reflected against his/her PAN in the  Form 26AS. In such a case, the employee cannot get a tax credit of the TDS on salary while filing their income tax return. [1] If they take the tax credit for this amount, they will be notified about the mismatch in the TDS claimed and paid from the IT department.

In such a situation, the taxpayer (employee in case of TDS on salary) will be caught between the employer and government’s income tax department.

In such a situation, the taxpayer (employee in case of TDS on salary) will be caught between the employer and government’s income tax department.

2) By Deductor (Employer)

In case the employer fails to deduct or deposit TDS on salary, then they will have to pay the penalty in the form of interest on the same. The table below explains the interest the employer will need to pay under two different cases:

TDS on salary Max Life Insurance

In such a situation, the taxpayer (employee in case of TDS on salary) will be caught between the employer and government’s income tax department.

2) By Deductor (Employer)

In case the employer fails to deduct or deposit TDS on salary, then they will have to pay the penalty in the form of interest on the same. The table below explains the interest the employer will need to pay under two different cases:

TDS on salary Max Life Insurance

Section

Nature of Deduction Default

Interest

Interest Payment Period

 201A

Non-deduction of TDS on salary, either in whole or part

1% per month

From the date on which the TDS deduction was to be made to the actual date of deduction

Non-payment of TDS on salary (after deduction)

1.5% per month

From the date of TDS deduction to the time of actual payment

 

How Can I Save TDS?

The employee can minimize TDS on salary by investing in specific tax saving instruments. The deduction benefits on TDS on salary can be enjoyed under the provisions of different sections. Here are a few important ones below: [3]

1) Under 80C

Under Section 80C of Income Tax Act, 1961 [2], the employee can claim a maximum deduction benefits at the time of TDS on salary up to the limit of Rs. 1.5 lakh. There are many tax-saving instruments covered under this Section, such as:

1. PPF (Public Provident Fund)

2. Sukanya Samriddhi Account

3. ULIP (Unit linked investment plan)

4. ELSS (Equity linked savings scheme)

This Section also covers house loan repayment (principal amount) subject to the limit of Rs. 1.5 lakh.

2) Under 80 EE

Under this Section, employees can minimize TDS on salary if they are first-time homebuyers and have taken a loan. They will be able to claim tax benefits on home loan interest amounts. This deduction will be over and above the limit of Rs.2 lakh under Section 24 of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Section 192 Tds on salary

Section 192 Tds on salary

FAQs

Q. When Can TDS On Salary Be Claimed?

A. As per rules of Income Tax Act, the employee can claim credit for TDS on salary that is either paid or accrued in the same financial year in which the TDS on salary is deducted. However, when income is paid in advance (such as advance rent), it will not belong to one FY, and credits for such income shall be carried forward to the next financial year.

Q. How Many Types of TDS Is There?

A. There are two kinds of TDS certificates that the deductor can issue. Form 16: Certificate that employer issues to employees. It lists down TDS on salary details made throughout the year. Form 16A: This lists down TDS deductions other than that on salary.

Q. What Is the Main Difference Between PAN card and TAN card?

A. PAN stands for Permanent Account Number while TAN refers to the Tax Deduction Account Number. TAN is required to be obtained by a person who is a deductor. In the case of TDS on salary, the employer needs to have a TAN number.

Q. How Is TDS On Salary Calculated?

A. As per Income Tax rules, there is no specific rate for TDS on salary deduction. The deduction is based on the TDS on salary slab. Use TDS on salary or income tax calculator for getting an estimate when doing TDS calculation on salary for FY 2019-20. You can also use the calculator for your TDS calculation on salary for FY 2018-19 or the previous financial years. 

Source:

[1]https://cleartax.in/s/view-form-26as-tax-credit-statement

[2]https://www.incometaxindia.gov.in/pages/acts/income-tax-act.aspx

[3]https://www.financialexpress.com/money/income-tax/how-to-avoid-TDS -on-salary-ppf-nps-bank-fd-rd-rent-home-loan-hra-lta/1830086/

Disclaimer:

Save 46800 on taxes if the insurance premium amount is Rs.1.5 lakh per annum and you are:

  • Regular Individual
  • Fall under 30% income tax slab having taxable income less than Rs. 50 lakh
  • Opt for Old tax regime

ARN:- Aug21/Bg/18Z

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